In June month of 2019, the parliament passed legislation where the government must lessen the UK’s net greenhouse transmission by 100% relative to the levels of 1990 by the year 2050.
With this step, the UK will be a ‘net zero’ emitter. Let’s comprehend more about it in detail.
What is the UK’s Net-Zero 2050 Target?
Net-zero stands for a balance between the production as well as the removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.
Now, net-zero can be achieved by two processes. First, the existing emission has to be reduced. Second, the greenhouse gases should be removed actively.
What are the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions?
As per the climate change act 2008, there are six major greenhouse gases viz, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and hexafluoride.
These greenhouse gases come through different means like coal power stations, industrial processes, and waste management.
Summing it all up, In 2018, these gases contributed to 19% of the UK emissions.
What is the significance of net-zero?
As per the net-zero 2050 target, the government is trying to reach net-zero on all greenhouse gases by the year 2050. By doing so, UK will be successful in staying committed to the 2016 Paris agreement. As per the agreement, the country should keep global warming under 2 degrees.
Apart from that, the UK comprehends its role in the industrial revolution. They also recognize that climate change is a threat. Hence, they consider it as their moral responsibility to be the leaders for rendering international efforts against climate change.
Is the 2050 net-zero target feasible?
The CCC states that the net-zero target is a feasible yet challenging step for the UK. That’s because a lot of sectors (energy supply, transportation, business, and residential) will be affected by the same. Also, it will be difficult, costly, and time-consuming.
In the progress report of July 2019, the policy action of the UK government was not as much as necessary for a net-zero target. They are failing to meet the pre-existing carbon budgets the government outlined before the target of net-zero.
Efforts like this, paired with the UK’s goal to become Saudi Arabia of wind power, certainly will lead the country towards reduced carbon footprints.